Are you tired of the hustle and bustle of city life? Do you crave adventure, nature, and a good laugh? Well, look no further than Ranchi! This hidden gem in Jharkhand is the perfect getaway for anyone looking to escape the chaos and indulge in some much-needed relaxation.

With its lush green forests, glistening waterfalls, and rich cultural heritage, Ranchi has something for everyone. Don't believe us? Just ask Jon Snow from Game of Thrones who filmed scenes here! Yes, you heard that right.

But don't let the serene beauty fool you - Ranchi is also home to some quirky attractions that are sure to tickle your funny bone. From the Pahari Mandir with its unique blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture to the Rock Garden made entirely out of discarded items, this city knows how to keep things interesting.

And let's not forget about the food! Ranchi's cuisine is a delightful fusion of local tribal flavors and modern day street food. From spicy chura-dahi to crispy samosas, your taste buds will be in for a treat.

So what are you waiting for? Pack your bags and head on over to Ranchi for an unforgettable experience that will leave you relaxed, rejuvenated, and laughing all the way home.

Table of Contents

History and Culture of Ranchi

Ranchi is a city located in the Indian state of Jharkhand. The city has a rich history and culture that dates back to ancient times. Ranchi was once part of the Magadha Empire, which was ruled by the Mauryan dynasty.

Legend has it that Lord Rama, the hero of the Hindu epic Ramayana, visited Ranchi during his exile. The city was also an important center for Buddhism during ancient times.

Over the years, Ranchi has developed into a vibrant urban center with a unique blend of modernity and tradition. The city is known for its beautiful temples and natural beauty.

One of the most popular attractions in Ranchi is Hundru Falls, which is located about 45 kilometers from the city center. This waterfall is surrounded by lush green forests and is a popular picnic spot for locals and tourists alike.

Another must-visit attraction in Ranchi is Pahari Mandir. This temple is situated on top of a hill and offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape.

The people of Ranchi are known for their warm hospitality and love for traditional food. Some popular dishes include khichdi, dhuska, and litti-chokha.

Overall, Ranchi is a fascinating city with a rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking natural beauty that will leave you spellbound.

How to Reach and getting around Ranchi

Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand, is a popular tourist destination in India. The city is well-connected to major cities and towns in India through different modes of transportation. Here are some of the best ways to reach Ranchi:

  1. By Air: Ranchi has its own airport, Birsa Munda Airport, which is well-connected to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Patna. From the airport, you can take a taxi or a bus to reach your destination.

  2. By Train: Ranchi railway station is one of the major railway stations in Jharkhand and is well-connected to all the major cities and towns in India. Some of the popular trains that run to Ranchi are Rajdhani Express, Garib Rath Express, and Jammu Tawi Express.

  3. By Road: Ranchi is connected by a network of well-maintained roads with all the major cities and towns in Jharkhand and neighboring states. You can take a bus or hire a taxi from nearby cities like Kolkata, Patna or Jamshedpur.

  4. By Car: If you have your own car or want to rent one, you can take NH 19 from Kolkata which will lead you straight into Ranchi. The journey takes around 8 hours.

  5. By Bus: You can take a bus from nearby cities like Kolkata or Patna to reach Ranchi. There are regular buses run by private operators as well as state-run buses.

In conclusion, reaching Ranchi is quite easy as it has excellent connectivity with other parts of India through different modes of transportation. Choose the mode that suits your budget and time constraints for an unforgettable experience in this beautiful city.

Weather of Ranchi

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Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand, experiences a humid subtropical climate. The city has three distinct seasons - summer, monsoon, and winter. Summers in Ranchi are hot and dry with temperatures ranging from 30°C to 40°C. The weather during monsoon is pleasant with moderate rainfall, which starts from June and lasts till September. Winters in Ranchi are chilly with temperatures dropping to as low as 0°C.

The best time to visit Ranchi is from October to March when the weather is cool and pleasant. During this time, the temperature ranges from 10°C to 25°C, making it an ideal time for tourists to explore the city's natural beauty and cultural heritage. The months of November and December are particularly pleasant with clear skies and cool breeze.

Ranchi boasts of several tourist attractions including the famous Hundru Falls, Jonha Falls, Tagore Hill, Rock Garden, and much more. These places offer breathtaking views of nature's beauty that can be enjoyed during the winter season.

In conclusion, if you are planning a trip to Ranchi, it is recommended that you visit during the winter season between October to March. This way you can enjoy everything that this beautiful city has to offer without worrying about extreme weather conditions.

Places to Visit in Ranchi

  • Rock Garden: The Rock Garden is an amazing creation by an Indian artist, Nek Chand. The garden is made up of rocks, broken bangles, and discarded items. The garden features sculptures, waterfalls, and ponds to create a serene atmosphere.

  • Pahari Mandir: Pahari Mandir is a temple located on top of the hill in Ranchi. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and offers a panoramic view of the city. People usually visit the temple during festivals like Maha Shivaratri.

  • Jagannath Temple: Jagannath Temple is a popular tourist attraction in Ranchi. It is one of the most beautiful temples in the city with intricate carvings and architecture. The temple is dedicated to Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, and Devi Subhadra.

  • Birsa Zoological Park: Birsa Zoological Park is one of the largest zoos in India with over 50 species of animals, birds, and reptiles. The park has a large lake where visitors can enjoy boating and fishing.

  • Sun Temple: Sun Temple is one of the famous temples in Ranchi that attracts tourists from all over India. The temple has been designed in such a way that it receives sunlight throughout the day.

  • Ranchi Lake: Ranchi Lake is an artificial lake created by Colonel Onsley in 1842 as a source of water for British soldiers stationed in Ranchi. Today it's a popular tourist spot where people come to enjoy boating and picnicking.

  • Hudru Falls: Hudru Falls is one of the most picturesque waterfalls near Ranchi located about 45 km away from the city center. The falls are surrounded by lush green forests making it an ideal spot for nature lovers.

  • Tagore Hill: Tagore Hill is named after Rabindranath Tagore who visited this place several times during his stay in Ranchi. The hill offers a stunning view of the city and has several walking trails for tourists to explore.

  • Kanke Dam: Kanke Dam is located about 8 km away from Ranchi city center built across River Subarnarekha offering breathtaking views of lush green surroundings and picturesque scenery.

10.Ranchi Science Centre: This science center showcases various models based on science principles that can help visitors learn about various scientific phenomena via interactive exhibits making it an ideal spot for kids to learn science while having fun.

Food Options and Local Cuisine of Ranchi

Local Cuisine Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand, offers a diverse range of local cuisine. The food here is mostly influenced by the tribal communities residing in the area. Some of the popular local dishes include:

  1. Dhuska: A deep-fried dish made with rice and lentil batter, often served with potato curry and chutney.
  2. Pitha: A sweet or savory dumpling made with rice flour and stuffed with coconut or lentils, often served with sesame or tomato chutney.
  3. Handia: A fermented rice beer that is a staple drink among tribal communities in Ranchi.

Dining Options Ranchi has a variety of dining options to suit all budgets and tastes. Here are three recommended restaurants/cafes:

  1. Café Durga: This cozy café serves delicious coffee, sandwiches, pizzas, and pasta. Don't miss their signature dish - Chicken Tikka Panini.
  2. Punjabi Kadhai: This restaurant specializes in North Indian cuisine and offers a wide variety of vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. Must try dishes include Butter Chicken and Dal Makhani.
  3. The Biryani Company: As the name suggests, this place is a biryani lover's paradise. They serve different varieties of biryani including Hyderabadi Biryani and Kolkata Biryani along with other Mughlai dishes like Galouti Kebab.

Best areas for accommodation in Ranchi

Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand, is a beautiful city surrounded by hills and forests. It is known for its cultural heritage, natural beauty, and industrial development. If you are planning to visit Ranchi and looking for accommodation options, then here are some of the best areas to stay:

  1. Kanke Road: Kanke Road is a popular area in Ranchi that offers a wide range of accommodation options. It is located near the airport and railway station, making it easy to reach from any part of the city. The area has several hotels, guest houses, and lodges that cater to both business and leisure travelers.
  2. Main Road: Main Road is another popular area in Ranchi that is home to many hotels and guest houses. It is located in the heart of the city and has good connectivity with all major tourist attractions. The area also has many restaurants, cafes, and shopping centers.
  3. Hinoo: Hinoo is a residential area in Ranchi that has many hotels and guest houses. It is known for its peaceful environment and proximity to major tourist attractions like Rock Garden and Pahari Mandir.

Here are three properties for accommodation in Ranchi:

  1. Radisson Blu Hotel Ranchi (Luxury): Radisson Blu Hotel Ranchi is a luxurious hotel located on Main Road. It offers world-class facilities like swimming pool, spa, fitness center, bar, restaurant, and conference rooms. The rooms are spacious and well-equipped with modern amenities.
  2. Hotel Arham Inn (Budget): Hotel Arham Inn is a budget-friendly hotel located on Kanke Road. It offers clean rooms with basic amenities like air conditioning, TV, Wi-Fi, etc. The hotel also has an in-house restaurant serving delicious food at affordable prices.
  3. Zostel Ranchi (Hostel): Zostel Ranchi is a backpacker hostel located on Hinoo road. It offers dormitory-style accommodation with shared bathrooms and common areas like lounge, kitchenette, etc. The hostel also organizes various activities like trekking, cycling tours, etc., for its guests.

In conclusion, whether you are looking for luxury or budget-friendly options or prefer staying at a hostel while exploring the city on a shoestring budget - there's something for everyone in Ranchi!

Shopping in Ranchi

Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand, is known for its rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. It is also a popular shopping destination for tourists and locals alike. From traditional handicrafts to modern fashion wear, there are plenty of things to buy in Ranchi. In this article, we will explore four things to buy, three markets to visit, and four things to avoid while shopping in Ranchi.

Things to buy

  1. Handicraft items: Ranchi is known for its exquisite handicrafts made by local artisans. Some of the popular handicraft items include bamboo products, tribal paintings, terracotta figurines, and brassware.
  2. Tribal jewellery: The tribal jewellery of Jharkhand is famous for its unique designs and intricate workmanship. You can find a wide range of tribal jewellery items like necklaces, earrings, bracelets and anklets in Ranchi.
  3. Silk sarees: Ranchi is famous for its Tussar silk sarees that are handwoven by local weavers. The sarees come in a variety of colours and designs that reflect the rich cultural heritage of Jharkhand.
  4. Chhau masks: Chhau dance is an important part of the cultural heritage of Jharkhand. The Chhau masks used in these dances are made by local artisans in Ranchi. These masks make for an excellent souvenir or wall decor item.

Markets to visit

  1. Main Road Market: This market is located in the heart of Ranchi city and offers a wide range of products from clothes to electronics.
  2. Pahari Mandir Market: This market is located near the famous Pahari Mandir temple and sells traditional handicrafts like bamboo products and terracotta figurines.
  3. Firayalal Chowk: This market is famous for its street food as well as clothing stores that sell trendy outfits at affordable prices.

What to avoid

  1. Counterfeit products: Be careful while buying branded products as there are many counterfeit items sold in some markets.
  2. Street vendors selling animal products: Avoid buying animal products like ivory or turtle shells from street vendors as it's illegal and unethical.
  3. Crowded areas during peak hours: Some markets can get very crowded during peak hours so it's better to avoid them if you're not comfortable with crowds.
  4. Overpriced items at tourist spots: Some shops near tourist spots may overcharge you for their products so it's better to do some research beforehand.

In conclusion, shopping in Ranchi can be an enjoyable experience if you know what to buy and where to shop from. Make sure you visit these markets when you're in the city but also be cautious while shopping. Happy shopping!

Nightlife in Ranchi

Ranchi is the capital city of Jharkhand, known for its rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. The city is also famous for its vibrant nightlife, which offers a plethora of options for partygoers and night owls.

If you are in Ranchi and want to experience its nightlife, there are numerous options to choose from. From trendy bars to happening nightclubs, the city has it all. Here are three places with activities for spending the night:

  • Club Oxygen: Located in the heart of Ranchi, Club Oxygen is one of the most popular nightclubs in the city. The club offers a vibrant atmosphere with live music, DJ performances, and delicious food and drinks. It is an ideal place to unwind after a long day at work or to dance your heart out on weekends.

  • Hundru Falls: If you want to spend your night amidst nature's serenity, Hundru Falls is the perfect place to visit. It is around 45 km away from Ranchi and offers an enthralling view of cascading waterfalls surrounded by lush green forests. You can also enjoy bonfires and camping here.

  • Raj Bhavan: If you're looking for a more laid-back option, Raj Bhavan is an excellent choice for you. It is located in Morabadi Hill area and offers a beautiful view of Ranchi's skyline at night. You can enjoy a peaceful stroll here or enjoy some snacks while soaking in the mesmerizing view.

In conclusion, Ranchi's nightlife scene has something for everyone – from party lovers to nature enthusiasts or those who prefer quiet evenings under starlit skies. So go ahead and explore this vibrant city's nightlife!

Outdoor Activities in Ranchi

Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand, is not just known for its vibrant nightlife but also for the plethora of outdoor activities it offers. From trekking to camping, Ranchi has something to offer for everyone.

One of the most popular outdoor activities in Ranchi is Rock Climbing. With its hilly terrain and rocky landscapes, Ranchi provides the ideal setting for rock climbing enthusiasts. The city boasts several rock climbing sites that cater to both beginners and experts.

Another thrilling activity that one can indulge in is White Water Rafting. The Subarnarekha river in Ranchi provides an excellent opportunity for adventure seekers to experience the thrill of white water rafting. The rapids range from grade 1 to grade 4, making it a perfect activity for both amateurs and professionals alike.

For those who prefer a more peaceful outdoor activity, Bird Watching is an excellent option. Ranchi's lush green forests are home to a variety of bird species, including kingfishers, cuckoos, and woodpeckers. Bird watchers can explore various locations like Bhagwan Birsa Biological Park and Kanke Dam to spot these feathered beauties.

In conclusion, Ranchi's natural beauty makes it an ideal destination for outdoor enthusiasts looking for adventure and relaxation. Whether you're a seasoned trekker or a first-time camper, there's something for everyone in this picturesque city. So pack your bags and head out on an unforgettable outdoor adventure in Ranchi!

Festivals and Events in Ranchi

Ranchi is a city of festivals and events. These celebrations are an integral part of the culture and tradition of the city. They provide an opportunity for people to come together, socialize, and enjoy. Some of the festivals and events celebrated in Ranchi include:

  1. Sarhul: It is a spring festival celebrated by the tribes of Jharkhand in March/April. The festival marks the beginning of a new year and is dedicated to nature worship.

  2. Holi: Holi is a popular festival celebrated all over India, including Ranchi. It falls in March and marks the arrival of spring. People play with colors, dance, and feast on traditional delicacies.

  3. Rath Yatra: Rath Yatra is a famous Hindu festival celebrated in June/July. The festival involves taking out chariot processions of Lord Jagannath, his brother Balabhadra, and sister Subhadra.

  4. Durga Puja: Durga Puja is one of the most important festivals celebrated by Bengalis in Ranchi during October/November. It celebrates the victory of goddess Durga over evil forces.

  5. Diwali: Diwali or Deepavali is a five-day festival that falls in October/November. It celebrates the victory of good over evil and marks Lord Rama's return to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana.

  6. Christmas: Christmas is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Ranchi during December. Churches are beautifully decorated with lights, Christmas trees, and cribs.

Apart from these festivals, there are several other events that take place in Ranchi throughout the year:

  1. Ranchi Mahotsav: It is a week-long cultural extravaganza that takes place every year during December/January. The event showcases local arts, crafts, music, dance forms, food stalls, and much more.

  2. Tribal Art Mela: This event takes place every year during November/December at Tana Bhagat Stadium. It showcases tribal art forms like painting, woodwork, metalwork, handicrafts etc.

  3. Jharkhand International Film Festival (JIFF): JIFF is an annual film festival held at Mega Sports Complex every year during February/March showcasing International as well as Indian films.

The festivals and events listed above attract huge crowds from all over India and abroad every year to celebrate together with locals in Ranchi's unique cultural milieu .

Tips for Travelers while travelling to Ranchi

  1. Plan ahead: Before embarking on your trip to Ranchi, research the festivals and events that will be taking place during your stay. Make sure to book your accommodations and transportation well in advance to avoid any last-minute stress.
  2. Pack smart: Ranchi experiences a range of temperatures throughout the year, so be sure to pack accordingly. Lightweight clothing is recommended for the hot summer months, while warm layers are essential for the cooler winter season. Don't forget to pack comfortable shoes for exploring the city's many attractions.
  3. Stay safe: Like any unfamiliar city, it's important to exercise caution while traveling around Ranchi. Stick to well-lit areas at night and be aware of your surroundings. Keep your valuables out of sight and carry only what you need with you when venturing out.
  4. Try local cuisine: One of the best ways to experience a new culture is through its food. Ranchi is known for its delicious regional dishes, such as litti chokha and dhuska. Make sure to try these local specialties at one of the many street vendors or restaurants in the city.
  5. Immerse yourself in local traditions: Whether it's attending a puja ceremony or watching a tribal dance performance, there are plenty of opportunities to learn about Ranchi's unique cultural heritage. Don't be afraid to ask locals for recommendations on where to experience these traditions firsthand.


What is Ranchi famous for?

Ranchi is famous for being the capital city of Jharkhand and is known for its lush green forests, scenic waterfalls, and serene lakes. The city has a rich cultural heritage with many important historical sites, temples, and museums.

What are the popular tourist attractions in Ranchi?

Ranchi has several popular tourist attractions that one can explore. These include Jagannath Temple, Rock Garden, Pahari Mandir, Hundru Falls, Dassam Falls, Jonha Falls, Kanke Dam, Birsa Zoological Park, and Tribal Museum.

What is the best time to visit Ranchi?

The best time to visit Ranchi is between October and March when the weather is pleasant and ideal for sightseeing. During this time, the temperature ranges between 15°C to 25°C. However, if you want to witness the beauty of waterfalls in full swing then monsoon season (June-September) would be perfect.

How to reach Ranchi?

Ranchi has good connectivity by airways as well as railways. The city has its own airport named Birsa Munda Airport which serves both domestic and international flights. One can also reach Ranchi via train as it is well connected with major cities like Kolkata, Delhi and Mumbai.

What are the popular dishes of Ranchi?

Ranchi offers a variety of delicious local dishes that one must try during their visit. Some of the popular dishes include Dhuska (a deep-fried snack made from rice batter), Rugda (a tangy curry made with potatoes), Litti Chokha (a traditional dish consisting of wheat balls stuffed with sattu), and Bamboo Shoot Pickle (made from fermented bamboo shoots).

Is it safe to travel alone in Ranchi?

Ranchi is generally safe for solo travelers but like any other city one should exercise caution while traveling alone especially at night or in isolated areas.

Where can one shop in Ranchi?

Ranchi offers many shopping options for tourists such as street markets like Sujata Chowk Market and Main Road Market where one can buy handicrafts items made by local artisans. There are also shopping malls like Nucleus Mall which houses branded stores selling clothes, accessories etc.

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